2 edition of Self-cultivation, society and metaphysics: An existential reading of the Analects (Confucius, China). found in the catalog.
Self-cultivation, society and metaphysics: An existential reading of the Analects (Confucius, China).
Written in English
If we are asked what is the single most influential work in Chinese history, the answer will definitely be Lunyu, the Analects . Its influence on the Chinese is comparable to that of the Bible on the Western world. Yet contemporary scholarship tends to trivialize or impoverish Confucius"s teaching by denying either the general integrity of his work or the transcendental or religious dimension of his thought. This thesis argues that the Analects should be treated as a generally integrated whole, reflecting the vision of Confucius. An existential reading of the Analects, as this author proposes to do here, has revealed that this foundational text has three organically connected levels of thought, proceeding from self-cultivation, through the mediation of the social to the metaphysical level of Ultimate Reality. These three levels of thought correspond well to the structure and reality of human existence as Paul Tillich interprets them. On the metaphysical level, Dao, the Way, de, virtue, shen, the spirit and ming, destiny are discussed, which proves that Confucius indeed had transcendental concerns. On the social level, three key concepts are emphasized: ren, benevolence, yi, moral rightness, and li, the rites. These three concepts form a hierarchy with ren at the top, yi in the middle and li at the bottom. It is to this social level that Confucius seemed to direct most of his attention. Finally, on the personal level, the concept of ji, self is discussed. In Confucius"s conception, the self has physical, psychological and sociological aspects, which have both positive and negative tendencies. Self-cultivation is an effort to overcome negative tendencies inherent in these structures as well as to develop positive attributes such as xue, learning, zhi, wisdom, and yong, courage. I conclude this thesis by stating that because the Analects answers existential needs and offers a practical way to harmonize the individual, society and cosmos, its appeal in the Chinese world will continue and its appeal to non-Chinese will grow.
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What did Confucius say? He said many things but nothing essential about the supernatural. Many western scholars don’t see Confucius as a philosopher. This isn’t a surprise to me as western philosophy is all about ideals in metaphysics. And how man. In my reading, what Plato tries to show is a tension deeply seated between the moral requirement and the individual pursuit of intellectual excellence For a detailed argument for this reading, see my “Justice in the Republic: An Evolving Paradox,” History of Philosophy Quarte no. 2 (): – In the Nicomachean Ethics.
The Analects is a series of glimpses into how Confucius and his students engaged in their projects of moral self-cultivation. This chapter seeks to describe the way in which the outlines of a moral psychology arises from the text and how the text poses issues that came to be central to the Chinese philosophical tradition. Confucius (?? BCE), according to Chinese tradition, was a thinker, political figure, educator, and founder of the Ru School of Chinese thought.  His teachings, preserved in the Lunyu or Analects, form the foundation of much of subsequent Chinese speculation on the education and comportment of the ideal man, how such an individual should live his life and interact with others, and the.
The readings move from classic Confucian text, a selection from the Analects that lays out the complex themes regarding self-cultivation and performance of ritualized action, through both the Taoist (Daoist) and later Buddhist emphasis on self-cultivation as a kind of antinomian spontaneity that builds on the notion of egolessness as our true. In Chinese, the book is literally called "discussion on the words [of Confucius]." The Analects has been successfully translated into many languages, most notably into English (James Legge, Arthur Waley, etc) and other languages. The Analects were probably written over a period of years.
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Self-cultivation is an essential component of the context of existential relations, which enhances individuality and personal growth. As Confucius centralises the idea of Self-cultivation and the agency of human, Self-cultivation is a psychological process that cultivates one's mind and body, who attempts to reach beyond the normal states of being.
Ultimate Reality and Self-Cultivation in Early Confucianism: A Conceptual/Existential Approach Chapter September with 17 Reads How we measure 'reads'. In his Mandala model of the self, Taiwanese scholar Kwang-Kuo Hwang sees each human being as a combination or intersection of private individual and social person, and also of knowledge and action.
To further elaborate the model—with a particular emphasis on teaching/learning, the development of the ideal self and spiritual transcendence—this article will explore the Cited by: 3. Self-cultivation, there-fore, is to reﬁne the self in such a way that it is in complete harmonywith the world.
34 AN EXISTENTIAL READING OF THE CONFUCIAN ANALECTSThe Psychological Aspect of the SelfConfucius believed that there is a psychological stratum of.
reflecting person here and now” with existential commitment, self-cultivation is “independent, autonomous and inner-directed” (Tu,pp. 55, 57). The Confucian notion of the self is. Philosophy encompasses all life’s meaning and existential questions as we seek to understand fundamental truths about ourselves, the world around us, and the nature of being.
It involves various areas of study including metaphysics (the study of the nature of reality), epistemology (the study of knowledge), ethics (what is good Self-cultivation right. Penguin has recently brought out a new translation of, and commentary on, the Analects, by Annping Amazon page is here, at which one can get a good sense of the format and goals of this new erable comentary is appended after each passage, with a combination of Chin’s own thoughts and comments from mostly post-Song (primarily Qing to the present) scholars.
Since the Han dynasty, Chinese readers have interpreted the Analects by reading scholars' commentaries on the book. There have been many commentaries on the Analects since the Han dynasty, but the two which have been most influential have been the Collected Explanations of the Analects (Lunyu Jijie) by He Yan (c.
–) and several colleagues, and the Collected Commentaries of the Analects. The concept of the self in western philosophy and psychology. In classical western philosophy, Plato is more focused on absolute ideas (ideals, “forms”) than on any concept of the “self”; his student Aristotle does talk about the soul (psyche) as the “form of the body” but still does not really talk about the individual early modern European philosophy, of course, we have.
A lover of antiquity, Confucius broadly attempted to revive the learning, cultural values, and ritual practices of the early Zhou kingdom (beginning in the 11th century BCE) as a means of morally renewing the violent and chaotic society of his day (that of the Spring and Autumn Period) and of promoting individual self-cultivation—the task of.
As scholars such as P. Ivanhoe have argued (see his Confucian Moral Self Cultivation [Peter Lang, ], ), however, the "discovery" model of self-cultivation one finds in neo-Confucianism is a far cry from Mencian developmentalism, and is itself a result of reading Buddhist metaphysics into Mencius.
Language, Ontology, and Political Philosophy in China: Wang Bi's Scholarly Exploration of the Dark (Xuanxue) - Ebook written by Rudolf G. Wagner. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices.
Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Language, Ontology, and Political Philosophy in China: Wang Bi's Scholarly Exploration of the.
"By reading the Upani ṣ ads and the Gītā, one gets a feel for the metaphysical and moral outlook that permeates the classical orthodox tradition in India.
Abhinavagupta introduces the centrality of aesthetics to Indian philosophical reflection, and the centrality of dance drama (natya) to Indian aesthetics. The Questions of King Mi linda is an important early Buddhist text on metaphysics.
The Confucian system developed a quite rigid set of roles for individuals within the imperial system. As very concisely expressed in the Analects: “Let the ruler be a ruler, the subject a subject, a father a father, and a son a son” ().
Confucianism became quite focused on obligations associated with the roles one had in society. This book compares the role of a sense of justice in the ethical and political thought of Confucius and John Rawls.
Erin Cline demonstrates that the Analects (the most influential record of Confucius' thought) and Rawls's work intersect in an emphasis on the importance of developing a sense ofjustice. Table of contents. Introduction: Ethical Philosophy in Asian Traditions Kinds of philosophy Ethical theories Asian traditions Self-cultivation in Asian philosophical traditions-the layout of the book Part I: Ethics and Self-Cultivation in Ancient China Early Chinese Philosophy: Map and Timeline 1.
The Analects of Confucius The Life and Legacy of Confucius and the Analects Social Harmony. To understand what is so great about Confucius, you have to clear off the muck that has been coated on him and let him speak for himself.
Remember that you are talking about the illegitimate son of a minor noble and a beautiful musician. Confucius. Published by Steve Angle, in Chinese philosophy - 中國哲學 - 中国哲学, Neo-Confucianism, Self-Cultivation, Translation, Zhu Xi. Leave a reply Alexus McLeod – Columbia Society for Comparative Philosophy Lecture: “The Madman of Chu: The Problem of Mental Illness and Self-Cultivation in Early Chinese Texts”, Dec.
2 @ pm. Alexus McLeod’s profile on The Conversation. I received my Ph.D. in Philosophy at UConn inand after this spent five years as Assistant Professor in Philosophy at the University of Dayton. Free Online Library: Analects and the commentarial tradition.
by "The Journal of the American Oriental Society"; Ethnic, cultural, racial issues Chinese characters Analysis Chinese literature. Printer Friendly. 24, articles and books. Periodicals Literature. Confucius has a lot of wisdom. Anyone who is serious about living life well would do well to read the Analects.
Poignant Quotes: If you try to guide the common people with coercive regulations and keep them in line with punishments, the common people will become evasive and will have no sense of shame. If, however, you guide them with Virtue, and keep them in line by means of ritual, the /5().Abstract The illegal wildlife trade is a global conservation priority, prompting a rise in interventions aimed at reducing the demand for wildlife products.
Research shows that designing campaigns.Xinzhong Yao, An Introduction to Confucianism Raymond Dawson, trans., The Analects D.C. Lau, trans., Mencius Philip J.
Ivanhoe, Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation, 2 nd ed. Tu Wei-ming, ed., Confucian Traditions in East Asian Modernity: Moral Education and Economic Culture in Japan and the Four Mini-Dragons Wm. Theodore de Bary and Tu Wei-ming, eds., Confucianism and Human Rights.